Type II Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Type II Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that involve problems with the body producing insulin, a hormone that helps your body store and use sugar and fat from the food you eat. Diabetes occurs when one of the following conditions is present:

  • the pancreas does not produce any insulin
  • the pancreas produces very little insulin
  • the body does not respond appropriately to insulin, a condition called “insulin resistance”

Diabetes is a lifelong disease, with no cure. Diabetics must manage their disease to stay healthy and avoid complications. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting almost 18 million Americans. While most of these cases can be prevented, it remains for adults the leading cause of diabetes-related complications such as blindness, non-traumatic amputations, and chronic kidney failure requiring dialysis.

Causes & Risk Factors

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in people over age 40 who are overweight, but can occur in people who are not overweight.

Signs & Symptoms

  • The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are listed below. Often, there are no symptoms or a very gradual development of symptoms. These may include:
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Blurred vision
  • Labored, heavy breathing
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts
  • Itching of the skin (usually in the vaginal or groin area)
  • Recent weight gain
  • Numbness or tingling of the hands and feet
  • Impotence or erectile dysfunction

Treatment

Diabetes can be managed and controlled by:

  • Planning what you eat and following a balanced meal plan
  • Exercising regularly
  • Taking medicine as prescribed
  • Monitoring your blood sugar and blood pressure levels at home
  • Keeping your appointments with your health care providers